When it comes to studying abroad, the United States, Canada and Australia are undoubtedly the ideal destinations for most international students who intend to further their education abroad.
For some decades now, the US has welcomed a larger number of international students than Australia and Canada combined but is that still the case as of today?
When deciding where to study, a lot of factors come into consideration. From University Rankings, Weather, Cost of Living, Student Visa Acceptance Rate to Job Opportunities After Education.
In this article, we’ll be analyzing these considerable factors in a bid to help you decide where your next study destination will be.
1). University Rankings
As of the time of publishing this article, according to Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), the US boasts of 12 out of 25 universities in the list of the world’s top Universities which has Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University and Harvard University at 1st, 2nd and 3rd positions respectively.
The 24th position is occupied by the Australian National University from Australia while Canada’s University of Toronto and McGill University sits at the 28th and 33rd positions respectively.
So, in terms of highly ranked universities in the world, the United States is still the top destination choice for international students.
2). Tuition Fee and Cost of Living
Tuition fee for Graduate Studies
- USA – $15,000 – $60,000/year
- Canada – $15,000 – $35,000/year
- Australia – $20,000 – $37,000/year
Tuition fee for Undergraduate Studies
- USA – $20,000 – $48,000/year
- Canada – $10,000 – $30,000/year
- Australia – $15,000 – $34,000/year
- USA – $10,000 – $15,000/year
- Canada – $10,000 – $12,000/year
- Australia – $19,000 – $20,000/year
Judging by the above, among the USA, Canada and Australia, Canada seems to be the better choice in terms of tuition fee and cost of living.
3). Student Visa Acceptance Rate
No matter the program or university, you cannot study in the US, Canada or Australia without a student visa. Let’s take a quick look at the student visas approval rates of these countries.
USA: The student visa approval rates have declined this year (2019) compared to last year (2018). Canada and Australia have higher visa approval rates than the USA.
Canada: Due to the affordable tuition fee and flexible immigration policies, Canada’s student visa approval rate has increased over 18% in the past two years.
Australia: Higher education visa acceptance rate is 23% while the English Language Intensive Course for Overseas Students (ELICOS) stands at 48%. The immigration policies may be flexible but not as great as Canada which is not just more flexible but also lenient.
So, in regards to student visa acceptance rate, Canada stands tall over the USA and Australia.
4). Work/Job Opportunities After Studying
One factor that is seriously considered by international students is the possibility of getting employed after education.
USA: In as mush as there are lots of work/job opportunities in the USA, an international student might find it difficult to gain employment without the required skills. The US have a high rate of job opportunities for graduate students.
Canada: Here, the salaries are low but the job opportunities are high. Salaries in the USA and Australia are higher.
Australia: The rate of job opportunities in Australia is also decent. The salaries are high, as well as the cost of living.
USA: There are warm and cold places among the 50 states in the US. During winter, the Mid-West and East Coast are cold with snowfalls but the weather in the West Coast is often better.
Canada: Canada is obviously the coldest place among the US, Canada and Australia. Winters in Canada can be extremely harsh. The weather in the interior and Prairie provinces could see the temperature drop as low as 15°C and can sometimes reach 40°C.
Australia: Throughout the year, the southern states of Australia have cool winters while the Northern states are typically warm. Australia’s weather is relatively mild.
Now that we have analyzed the major factors that are considered when deciding where to study between the US, Canada and Australia, it is now left for you to compare and decide. However, we advise you do this based on your study abroad requirements.